100 years later: Remembering World War I

This month will be the 100th year anniversary of the beginning of World War I, or the Great War. As the world lurches into the opening stages of World War 3, it is instructive to look back a century ago at that cataclysm.

The history of the war is so vast, including its causes and immense repercussions, that even a full length book cannot do it justice. Indeed, any aspect of the war that one chooses to look at leads down multiple related areas of inquiry: new tactics of warfare, rapid advances in military technology, the break-up of huge empires, the behind-the-scenes maneuvering of zionists in England and the United States, the duplicity of Woodrow Wilson, America’s exit from its isolationism, the redrawing of the map of the Middle East, the unimaginable incompetence of politicians and generals , carnage on a scale never seen before, the mutual assured destruction caused by the system of alliances, the loss of an entire generation of young men, and the effect of the war on European intelligentsia.

Furthermore, the Great War played a large role in creating the conditions which  ultimately resulted in the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in  1917 and the great flu pandemic of 1918. The harsh terms inflicted on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles assured that in a short time (21 years), war would break out again.

Considering its role in shaping the 20th century, the Great War is a subject that should be taught in-depth in secondary school and in the universities, but that is not the case. I minored in history at university and learned only the most cursory information about the war. Only much later in my adult life did I begin to get an inkling of the importance of this event and hence began to study it in earnest. I read a number of books and watched some documentaries to get up to speed. The Great War, like all major events in human history can be studied on two levels: the surface level including the actual battles, the major public figures, the official treaties signed at the war’s conclusion and the hidden or conspiratorial level where figures behind the scenes played a role as important as or even more important than the figureheads.

Before getting into the ‘why’ of the Great War and going down that deep rabbit hole, , it is instructive to sit down and read some straightforward accounts of what occurred between 1914 and 1918 to get a sense of the scale of the battles and the territory involved. Although World War 2 produced a greater overall number of casualties, the Great War saw vast armies squaring off against each other in the field on a scale not seen before or since. Reading the accounts of the Battles of the Somme, Verdun, and the Marne, one struggles to imagine and visualize what took place there-hundreds of thousands of men stumbling across pock-marked fields weighed down with gear and ammunition and getting mowed down mercilessly with machine gun  and cannon fire. The casualties incurred on just the the first day of the Battle of the Somme were greater than the total number incurred in many previous wars. It is not at all surprising that so many intellectuals in Europe in the 1920s  were forced to reassess their understanding of humanity and humans’ capacity for good and evil.

The bloodletting occurring on the Western Front was so great that it occupied most of the attention of the generals, politicians, and the press but it was not, of course, the only theatre of the war. Another series of battles was played out on a vast territory in the Middle East, known then as the Ottoman Empire. Most of the conflicts happening today in the Middle East can be traced back to the decisions and redrawing of maps which occurred in Versailles in 1919 as Great Britain, France and the United States carved up the remnants of that once proud empire.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of modern Turkey:

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Although most people know little of this chapter of the war, the outcome of the break-up of the Ottoman Empire was as far-reaching as anything that happened in Europe. ‘Gallipoli’ is a name that will be forever remembered in Australia, as it will in Turkey. The war in the Middle East witnessed the rise of legends and heroes such as Mustafa Kemal, or ‘Ataturk’, the father of modern Turkey, as well as T.E. Lawrence, better known as ‘Lawrence of Arabia.’  Also, the battles here saw the  downfall  of many other politicians and military leaders, such as Enver Pasha in Turkey and Winston Churchill in England. Baghdad, Jerusalem, Damascus, Bethlehem, Basra and many other ancient cities changed rulers.

 

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The war extended even into Africa where a German military contingent managed to fight a successful guerrilla campaign for the duration of the conflict.

World War I was the first war where all the modern inventions and innovations in weaponry were put to full use. Richard Gatling’s invention of the machine gun in the 1861 had been refined in the intervening years and was used to devastating effect by all sides. The machine gun, combined with barbed wire, long-range cannon, and trench technology assured that the defensive would reign supreme. The tank was invented and put into use in the latter stages of the conflict and airplanes were employed first as reconnaissance and later as fighters and bombers. Poison gases such as mustard gas were utilized mercilessly on the battlefield. Germany manufactured and deployed hundreds of U-boats which wreaked havoc on the Royal Navy. Dreadnought battleships engaged in the first and only great battleship engagement in history, the Battle of Jutland.

How did it happen? How could such an immense conflict come about? History books in general do an awful job of explaining the outbreak of World War I. They claim that the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Serbia by a radical Serbian nationalist set off a chain of catastrophic events caused by an entrenched system of alliances. And that’s pretty much all the information they give you. It’s not that there is a dearth of information about the real causes of the war, it’s just that most historians and writers are too lazy or too fearful to dig deeper.

And if we are looking at people to point fingers at, there is no shortage of guilty parties. The war was most certainly not caused by a Serbian nationalist. It didn’t just happen, it wasn’t inevitable, and it wasn’t simple political bumbling.

We might begin with King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (1841-1910), a man whose role in early 20th century politics has been downplayed and nearly forgotten. It was Edward who set up the Triple Entente of England, France and Russia which assured each country that if any one was attacked , the others would come to their aid. Even though Edward died in 1910, many in Germany placed the blame for the outbreak of war squarely on his shoulders and considered him an anti-German warmonger. Be wary of allowing inbred European psychopathic ‘royalty’ to get involved in politics.

 

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It has been said by some that all wars are created by banks. Banks (and their arms manufacturing subsidiaries) are the only institutions to benefit from wars. Banks have an incentive to foment wars: they lend money to all sides and therefore profit handsomely regardless of who actually ‘wins.’  Wars are the most expensive enterprise that a government can undertake. They require a vast mobilization of resources, material, and men and the costs required of such an operation are far beyond governments financial reserves. Hence, they go to the banks, all Rothschild owned, with supplicant hands and plead, “Please, lend me money.”

Countries exit wars with debt so severe that it often takes generations to pay off. Every country which participated in World War I came out of the conflict deeply in debt and in subservience to Rothschild banking interests. It is not an exaggeration to say that a country loses its sovereignty to banking interests when this happens. To give one example, the U.S. before the war was virtually debt-free, with a debt to GDP of 2.7%. After just two years of war and borrowing, that figure skyrocketed to 33% and the U.S. found itself $33 billion in the hole ($334 billion in today’s dollars.)

 

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What is particularly infuriating about the above statistic is that the U.S. should have never been in the war in the first place. The American people at the time were resolutely isolationist, a term which was used proudly at the time but later became something of a pejorative term. Americans saw no need or reason to become involved in the Europeans’ fratricidal wars and adhered to George Washington’s admonition to avoid foreign entanglements. American president Woodrow Wilson was well aware of this fact and won his second term in 1916 on the slogan, “He kept us out of war.”  Unfortunately, Wilson was surrounded by snakes such as Colonel Edward House and Paul Warburg, men whose loyalty lay not with the United States and her people, but with Rothschild and Jewish banking interests.

Is it a mere coincidence that the Federal Reserve was created in 1913 after a secret meeting of bankers on Jekyll Island off the coast of Georgia and one year later World War I broke out? Is it coincidental that  four years later the U.S. entered the war, against the wishes of the American people?  In global politics, nothing happens by accident or coincidence, and the congruence of these massive events is too tidy to overlook or brush aside.

International banksters weren’t the only ones secretly maneuvering the U.S. into the war. Remember, prior to the U.S. entry into France in late 1917, Britain and France were losing the war. Germany was poised to overrun Paris and impose terms  on the battered, demoralized and broken British and French armies. French soldiers mutinied on the battlefield. Russia, after the Bolshevik Revolution, was out of the game. A way had to be found to get America into the war-fast. Jewish zionists working in London at the time sensed an opportunity and took advantage of it. They approached the British leadership and proposed a deal: write a declaration proclaiming Jewish ‘right’ to a homeland in Palestine and British support for it, and we will have our political insiders in America pressure Wilson to change his stance and commit America to the war. The rest, as they say, is history. The ‘Balfour Declaration’ was duly written and given to the worldwide press and America sent hundreds of thousands of its young men off to die on the Western Front. All of the above is a matter of historical record, though again, not taught in college history courses.

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The seed of World War 2 was firmly planted in World War I and some historians simply group them together as the ‘Great European Civil War.’ They view this war as a culmination of Germany’s roughly century-old battle to claim its place in the world, and to quit playing second-fiddle to the British and French Empires. While this viewpoint is certainly true in many respects, it ignores the deeper and more complex questions of how political leaders and populations are cleverly and expertly manipulated and conned into entering into war.

The people, of course, never want war. For them, war means only death and destruction. For the banksters pulling the strings of puppet politicians, war means something else entirely: unimaginable profits,  consolidation of power, and control over sovereign nations.

The same forces which pushed the world into the inferno of World War I are now pushing nations into the next world war. Many of the same tactics are being used. Will we wake up before it is too late?

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